Each child is unique and there is a wide spectrum of special educational needs, although there are also specific needs that usually relate directly to particular types of impairment. Children with disabilities have needs and requirements which may fall into at least one of four areas:

  • Cognition and learning
  • Behavioural, emotional and social
  • Communication and interaction
  • Sensory and/or physical

Understanding the range of ways in which children’s needs are met will help ensure that the spaces designed for them are suitable.

The environment of Family Hope Center helps children with disabilities to take part in all activities alongside their peers. School designs ensure:

  • A simple, clear layout, easily understood by all the children.
  • Accessible circulation routes, broad enough for people using wheelchairs or sticks. (elevator)
  • Ergonomic details (such as door handles) that anyone can use
  • Means of escape designed to take account of disabled people. (approved by the civil defense)